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What is a hysterosalpingogram (HSG)/ Tube test?
A Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) commonly called the tube test checks the condition of the woman's fallopian tubes. It is an x-ray test that tells whether you have open or closed fallopian tubes and what the shape of the uterus is.
Where is the test performed?
A Gynaecologist performs the test in the radiology department.
Who needs an HSG Test?
Every woman who experiences infertility should have her uterus and fallopian tubes evaluated.
How is the HSG performed?
The test is done by inserting a catheter (tube) into the uterus and injecting a dye through the tube. An X-ray is taken to determine whether the dye passes through the open ends of the fallopian tubes. If the dye emerges from the end of the tubes, they are not blocked. If HSG is being done under Fluoroscopy, you will be able to watch on a TV screen as the dye fills the uterus and flows into the fallopian tubes. An X-ray is taken to determine whether the dye passes through the open ends of the fallopian tubes.
After the HSG Test, there may be a small amount of spotting and/or menstrual-like cramping. After returning home, normal activities may be resumed.
The test may also reveal other fertility problems, such as fibroid tumors, structural abnormalities and endometrial polyps. In some cases, the dye actually clears away blockages in the fallopian tubes, and restores the woman's fertility.
The dye is harmless and is absorbed by the woman's body after going through her tubes. The test may be uncomfortable, but is rarely painful.
When is the HSG Test performed?
The test is performed usually on day 7 through 12 of your menstrual cycle.
Can I get any medication to reduce the amount of discomfort?
The test may cause some cramping so the patient is given an analgesic (pain relieving medicine) 30-60 minutes before the test.